Understanding Dash Cam Regulations in West Virginia

In today’s world, with an increasing number of accidents on the road, dash cams have become a popular safety tool for drivers across the United States. West Virginia is no exception. These discreet cameras capture footage of your surroundings while driving, providing valuable evidence in case of accidents, hit-and-runs, or insurance claims.

However, before you mount a dash cam on your windshield and hit the road in Charleston or Huntington, it’s crucial to understand the regulations surrounding their use in West Virginia. While dash cams are legal in the state, there are specific placement restrictions to ensure driver safety and clear visibility.

This comprehensive guide will delve into everything you need to know about dash cam regulations in West Virginia. We’ll explore the legalities, proper placement techniques, and answer frequently asked questions to ensure you’re using your dash cam legally and effectively.

Why Use a Dash Cam in West Virginia?

There are several compelling reasons to consider using a dash cam while driving in West Virginia:

  • Evidence Collection in Accidents: Accidents can be stressful and confusing. Having a clear record of events leading up to and during an accident can be invaluable for filing insurance claims or resolving disputes with other drivers. Footage can clearly show who was at fault and the sequence of events.
  • Protection Against False Claims: Unfortunately, there are instances of drivers filing false claims against others. A dash cam can act as your silent witness, providing undeniable video evidence to exonerate yourself from fabricated accusations.
  • Enhanced Security: Dash cams can also deter theft and vandalism. The presence of a camera can discourage criminals from targeting your vehicle, knowing their actions are being recorded.
  • Peace of Mind: Knowing you have a record of your journey can provide peace of mind while driving, especially on unfamiliar roads or during challenging weather conditions.

Legalities of Dash Cams in West Virginia

The good news for West Virginia drivers is that dash cams are legal to use in the state. However, there’s one crucial regulation to remember:

  • Windshield Obstruction: West Virginia Code § 17C-15-36 prohibits drivers from having “any sign, poster, or other nontransparent material upon the front windshield, side wings, or side or rear windows of such vehicle which obstructs the driver’s clear view of the highway or any intersecting highway.” In simpler terms, anything mounted on your windshield that hinders your vision is illegal.

This regulation directly applies to dash cam placement. While not explicitly mentioned, dash cams fall under the category of “nontransparent material.” Therefore, mounting your dash cam directly on the windshield is illegal in West Virginia.

Proper Dash Cam Placement in West Virginia

Thankfully, there are several alternative mounting options that comply with West Virginia law and ensure optimal functionality of your dash cam:

  • Dashboard Mount: This is the most common and recommended placement for dash cams. A discreet mount attaches to the top or bottom of your dashboard, keeping the camera out of your line of sight while still capturing a clear view of the road ahead.
  • Rearview Mirror Mount: Another viable option is a mount that attaches to the rearview mirror stalk. This position keeps the camera high and unobtrusive while providing a good perspective of the road and surrounding traffic.
  • Suction Cup Mount on Upper Passenger Side Window: While not ideal due to the slightly angled view, some drivers opt to mount their dash cam on the upper passenger side window using a strong suction cup mount. Ensure placement doesn’t block your view of the side mirror.

Additional Considerations

Here are some additional factors to keep in mind when using a dash cam in West Virginia:

  • Audio Recording: West Virginia is a two-party consent state for audio recording. This means you cannot legally record conversations with others in your car without their knowledge and permission. If your dash cam has an audio recording function, be sure to disable it or obtain consent from passengers before activating it.
  • Privacy Concerns: Dash cam footage may capture individuals on the road or sidewalks. While there’s no expectation of privacy in public spaces, it’s good practice to be mindful of recording others, especially if they are easily identifiable. Some dash cams allow for privacy settings that blur faces or license plates.
  • Dash Cam Footage Storage and Management: Dash cams typically record continuously, looping over older footage when storage capacity is reached. Consider investing in a dash cam with ample memory or an external storage device to ensure you capture important events. Remember to regularly download and back up the footage you wish to preserve.

Frequently Asked Questions

  • Can law enforcement officers request my dash cam footage?

Yes, law enforcement officers in West Virginia can request to view your dash cam footage, especially if you’re involved in a traffic incident. You are generally not obligated to provide it, but cooperating can be beneficial if the footage helps your case.

  • What happens if I’m caught with a dash cam mounted on the windshield?

While unlikely, violating the windshield obstruction law (WV Code § 17C-15-36) could result in a citation. Fines typically range from $25 to $100 for a first offense. The best practice is to ensure proper placement to avoid any potential issues.

  • Are there any specific laws regarding night vision dash cams in West Virginia?

There are currently no specific regulations regarding night vision dash cams in West Virginia. However, it’s important to choose a dash cam with high-quality night vision that doesn’t emit excessive light that could distract other drivers.

  • What should I do if my dash cam captures footage of a crime?

If your dash cam captures footage of a serious crime, such as a hit-and-run or a violent act, it’s crucial to report the incident to the police. You can provide them with a copy of the footage as evidence.

  • How can I protect my dash cam from theft?

Taking precautions to prevent theft is essential. Consider a dash cam with a discreet design or a quick-release mount that allows you to easily remove the camera when you leave your vehicle unattended.


By understanding the legalities and proper placement of dash cams in West Virginia, you can leverage this technology to enhance your safety on the road. Remember, a dash cam is a valuable tool, but safe driving practices remain the most critical factor in avoiding accidents.

Additional Resources


This blog post is intended for informational purposes only and does not constitute legal advice. For specific legal questions regarding dash cam use in West Virginia, consult with a qualified attorney.

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MBS Staff
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